Pg 18 – technological factors
“Colours used in the various periods of human history depended upon their availability.”
pg 25 – Sociological factors
“Today, because of our mass media, particularly architectural and interior design magazines, there is a greater mass understanding than ever before of the problems of interior design and,meeting, of colour. Tastes change and vary, and styles wax and wane. Colours are either “in” or “not in”this year, but whatever else may b sais, a broad interest in colour exists such as the world has never before seen.
Taste is personal matter, but our architects and interior designers are its custodians……The correct use of colour in our public, commercial, and industrial buildings will further the education of the general public, ad this must be the goal of today’s designers.”
pg 21 Colour theory and colour design colour and light
“White surfaces reflect all colours, absorbing none. Black surfaces, on the other hand, do not reflect colours, but absorb them. Thus black is the complete lack of light and colour.
These basic facts are only a small par of the body of fascinating information about colour and light amassed by men of science. But even in the worlds of science, different aspects pf colour concern different disciplines…”
” The psychologist, the artist, the architect, and the interior designer believe that certain other aspects of colour must be consider. The appearance of colour for them depends on viewing conditions, the surrounding objects or areas, the sizes and relative positions of objects, and the adaptive state of the viewer. It is for these reasons that for te purpose of this discussion we shall consider colour as not merely reflection, but as an entity in itself, with its own properties.”
Pg 22 properties of colour
“Colour may be described as having three outstanding properties:hue, value, and intensity. Hue is the name of the colour, such as blue, which differentiates it from another colour, such as green. Value designates the brightness of a colour, that is, whether the colour is light or dark. Intensity, or chroma, denotes the extent to which the hue is free from any white constituent. The “temperature” of a colour has no physical basis. but blue greens and blue violets, which seem to recede, are called “cool” colours; and reds, red orange red, red violets which seem to advance, are called “warm” colours.
pg 22 Effects of surroundings on colour
“There are certain other phenomena which should be kept in mind when selecting colours for an interior space. There must be for instance, a delicate balance between the several colours used: one colours must be predominate….
The fact that colours look different in different surroundings has led t many disappoints when colours have been selected for decoration with no thought of their eventual neighbouring colours…..
If a room is painted with one of the cool colours, the apparent size of the room will be increased. If one of the arm colours is used, the room ill seem to be smaller..”
pg 39 The effect of light on colour
“In the field of interior colour, the expression “true colour” has no meaning because light is such a variable item. There are times when a room will be lighted by day light only and times when artificial light will be used…
A colour which is popular in one part of the world probably obtained its popularity because it looked good in that particular location…
We know, then, that light modifies colours in an alomost intimate number of ways. How can we apply this information to the use of colour in interiors? First, let us be sure that we realise that the colors we select mix should be seen in the light in which they are to “live”
pg 45 The psychological effects of colour
“By observation, one may see that the various colours have a strongly emotional effect on most people. It has been known for some time, for instance, that blue reduces excitability ad therefore helps one concentrate. Blue is both cooling and sedative. but it cannot br used to indiscriminately, because too much of it may produce melancholia.
Green seems to be cooling, and it acts as a sedative. Yellow, as one may note from sunlight, is cheery, stimulating, and attention drawing. On dull days, when the yellow of the sun is absent, most people exhibit mental and physical sluggish and a general lack of enthusiasm for their work. Yellow also demands attention, and so it is used in dangerous locations, such as the edge os a subway platform, to mark the hazard.
Red is exciting and stimulates the brain. Medium red suggests health and vitality; bright red often has armour connotations. Red also has an aggressive quality and is frequently associated with violence and excitement.
Purple, sedative and soothing, was originally made from purpura shellfish of the mediterranean. The dye from this shellfish, which was used for royal robes in ancient times, was so expensive that only te wealthy could afford it.
Orange has a stimulating effect and should usually be used in relatively small amounts Brown is restful and warming but should be combined with orange,yellow or gold because it can be depressing if used alone. Gray suggests cold and, like brown, is depressing unless combined with at least one livelier colour.White on the other hand, is cheerful, particularly when used with red, yellow and orange.”